Your job is to comment and keep me motivated! Let me know you’re out there and following along. Can she make it? Will she? Of course she will! With you as my cheering section, I won’t be stumped by J or Q or even X.
So without further ado, here is today’s post.
W is for Wooing. The Rough Wooing, that is – the conflict between Scotland and England and sometime civil war within Scotland.
Henry VIII wanted James V to break the Auld Alliance with France and to turn Protestant. James refused, so Henry declared war. James died after the Scottish defeat at Solway Moss in 1542.
His daughter, now Mary, Queen of Scots, was just days old. Henry attempted to force the Scots to agree to a marriage between his son Edward and the infant Mary. The Protestant faction in Scotland even signed the Treaty of Greenwhich, agreeing to the marriage.
France aided Scotland under the Auld Alliance as Scotland rejected Henry’s advances. After Henry’s death, Edward VI continued the war, but the French-born Queen Mother, Mary of Guise, betrothed her daughter to the heir to the French throne and Mary was absent from Scotland for thirteen years, until after she was widowed.
All of Henry VIII’s ambitions to control Scotland had failed. Edward eventually signed a peace treaty with France (and thereby, Scotland) in 1550. It was the last major conflict between Scotland and England before the Union of the Crowns in 1603.
In Scotland, the war was called the “Nine Year’s War.” The term “rough wooing” comes from a famous remark attributed to George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly. “We liked not the manner of the wooing, and we could not stoop to being bullied into love,” or, as historian William Patten reported, “I lyke not thys wooyng.”
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